About this Collection

Within these pages, you will find a collection of data-driven papers and perspectives written by leading mental health professionals that address the ongoing impact of structural racism on the mental health of Black Americans. From media-borne vicarious trauma to the demarcated experience of Black LGBTQ+ individuals in the US, to the role of the psychiatrist power hierarchy in furthering “ableism,” historical constructs are explored, mindsets are challenged, and paths to recovery are proposed. New articles will be shared throughout July, closing with viewpoints from two Howard University psychiatry residents on their goals for the future of mental health care.

While this Editor Takeover series – led by Danielle Hairston, MD, and Racquel Reid, MD – aligns with BIPOC Mental Health Awareness Month (Bebe Moore Campbell National Minority Mental Health Month), as designated by Mental Health America and the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), its messages for the clinical community and public at large aim to live beyond the month of July. More on the goals of this project from the Guest Editors.


Our Guest Editors

Danielle Hairston, MDDanielle Hairston, MD, is a faculty member and Psychiatry Residency Training Director at Howard University College of Medicine. She has served as the Black Psychiatrists of America (BPA) Scientific Program Chair since 2016. She was recently elected as the American Psychiatric Association (APA)’s Black Caucus’ President. Dr. Hairston has spoken nationally and internationally about the impact of racial trauma and culture on mental health. She is a contributing author to the recently published book, Racism and Psychiatry: Contemporary Issues and Interventions.

She attended Rutgers University for her undergraduate education and earned her medical degree at Howard University College of Medicine, where she also went onto complete her Psychiatry Residency Program and served as Chief Resident. Her interests include consultation-liaison psychiatry, resident education, minority mental health, cultural psychiatry, HIV psychiatry, and collaborative care. Dr. Hairston is a member of the Psycom Pro Editorial Advisory Board.


Racquel E. Reid, MD

Racquel E. Reid, MD, is a board-certified child, adolescent, and adult psychiatrist, activist, and writer. Before she completed her child psychiatry fellowship in Texas, she attended medical school and adult psychiatry residency in Georgia. Her years of medical training in communities in the South, upbringing in an immigrant family, and lifelong history navigating the US healthcare system have each gifted her with her enduring dedication to prioritizing the needs of marginalized populations.

Dr. Reid is the founder of Radical Imagination Mental Health, a Los Angeles-based telepsychiatry practice treating child and adult clients in Texas and California. Her work strives to honor the intersecting identities of the people she serves, inject justice and equity into mental health treatment, and maintain connection with those who are most often neglected by the disjointed nature of American medicine.

View their introduction to this collection below.


Mental Health, Racism, and the BIPOC Community

An Introduction: Get Comfortable
by Danielle Hairston, MD, and Racquel Reid, MD

Systemic Racism and Racial Targeting in Mental Health Care
From “negritude” to “excited delirium,” racist language and behavior are still very much present in psychiatry – from engrained policies and under-representation in the field, right down to the patient charts.
by Amanda J. Calhoun, MD, MPH

Vicarious Racism Explained in Age of Black Lives Matter
A review of how social media and online exposure to racist content and trauma adversely impact physical and mental health, especially among adolescents.
by Nia Heard-Garris, MD, MSc

The Spectrum Is Black: Black LGBTQ+ and Mental Health
A perspective on the intersections of gender identity and expression in the Black community, including among Black LGBTQ+ youth.
by Claudelle R. Glasgow, PsyD

Disability Justice: Perspective from a Disabled Psychiatrist
From ableism to power hierarchies to disability humility, the language behind – and framework for –understanding and treating Persons with Disabilities.
by Ebony Caldwell, MD, MPH

The Future of Psychiatry: Resident Perspectives and DEI Directives
Mental health care has always been a field centered around change, but the time for building diversity, equity, and inclusion into the workforce and across patient populations is well past due. Structural scaffolding will no longer hold.
Elizabeth Arnold, MD, and Andre Rosario, MD

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Black silhouette of a butterfly with paint splashes and blots, isolated on a white background. (iStock)

Related Content*

Asian American Racism and Mental Health: Past and Present
Reported by Timothy Wong, DO, with Edmond Hsin T. Pi, MD, Geetha Jayaram, MD, Joan Han, DO, Francis Sanchez, MD, Dora-Linda Wang, MD, Clayton Chau, MD, Rona J. Hu, MD, Helen Lavretsky, MD

Race and Addiction: How Bias and Stigma Affect Treatment Access and Outcomes
Reported by Malini Ghoshal, RPH, MS, with Emily Einstein, PhD, Adina Bowe, MD, Aaron Williams

Access to Healthcare: Barriers Facing BIPOC Communities
A special report featuring Steven Starks, MD

Ethnopsychopharmacology: How Ethnicity Drives Treatment Response
Reported by Christine Rhodes, MS, with William Bradford Larson, MD, PhD, Napolean Higgins, MD, Daniel Y. Cho, MD, Rahn K. Bailey, MD

ADHD Assessments and Cultural Impact – Diagnosis and Treatment in BIPOC Patients: A Special Report
Reported by Malini Ghoshal, RPH, MS, with Donna Y. Ford, PhD

ADHD and Cultural Sensitivities
with Clarice Fangzhou Hassan, LCSW

Schizophrenia: Age of Onset and Racial Disparities (A data slideshow)

Why Aren’t We Talking about Schizophrenia in Black People (on our sister consumer site Psycom)

How to Deliver Trauma-Informed Care

Schools, Policymakers, Private Employers Try to Improve Mental Health Care System Access

Disparities in Chronic Pain Management, including how to improve systemic barriers to healthcare in under-resourced, under-served areas on our sister clinical site PPM.

*Related content is not part of the program curated by Guest Editors Hairston & Reid

Last Updated: Aug 16, 2021